One of the most troublesome problems in dental health is gum bleeding. This can cause much worry and concern so it is important to understand the causes of this problem as well as the potential solutions to this problem. A trip to the dentist may also be in order in the event bleeding becomes problematic.


What are some of the most common gum bleeding causes? There are many reasons that gums may bleed. Sometimes sore and bleeding gums are simply the result of brushing too hard. It is important first to determine how extensive bleeding is before one can analyze the causes of bleeding. For example, is gum bleeding around one tooth? Or is perhaps, it more extensive? Perhaps gum bleeding after flossing is a more common problem.

Determining the causes may be more readily identifiable after determining how extensive bleeding is.

Here are some other considerations:

  • Bleeding may be caused by certain vitamin deficiencies; these may often include deficiencies of vitamin K and deficiency of vitamin C which often can cause other diseases including scurvy.
  • Sometimes other medical problems can lead to bleeding of the gums including blood disorders like hemophilia, blood cancers including leukemia, and certain medical conditions like idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura. It is important to seek a medical health consultation from a qualified healthcare provider if the cause of bleeding cannot be determined simply.
  • Often the use of certain medications including certain chemotherapy medications and occasionally medication that thin the blood can cause bleeding in certain circumstances. Check with a healthcare provider to rule out this as a cause of bleeding gums.
  • The buildup of plaque can cause gingivitis which can lease to bleeding. This leads to disease and infection in the gums. Also, a condition known as periodontitis, or infection in the line above the gum that gets into the teeth and the bones, can lead to excessive bleeding.
  • Hormonal changes including normal changes that occur during menstrual cycles, or changes that occur resulting from pregnancy.

Many different types of medications lead to bleeding. Sometimes this is not cause for concern, unless the bleeding is excessive. Some examples of these types of medications include certain anti-cancer agents, epileptic or anti-convulsant medications, drugs including aspirin, drugs that suppress the immune system, and medications known as anticoagulants.

Improper brushing can lead to gum disease. Gum disease is a serious condition that can lead to totally body problems including heart problems if left untreated over time. Good oral health is essential to total body wellness, which may people do not realize. Inflammation of the gum line can lead to infection. This can cause other problems including:

  • Bad breath or persistent halitosis.
  • Red gums or purplish appearance.
  • Tender gums making it difficult to eat.
  • Frequent mouth sores.
  • Receding gums.
  • Swollen gums and tongue.

Some people may have other symptoms that exist along with gum problems which may include joint pain, bruising and fever. Swollen glands and rash or weakness may occur as well. This may be a symptom of another problem which may require further investigation by a medical professional.

Treating Bleeding In The Gums

The first step toward addressing bleeding is gum bleeding treatment options. There are many options depending on the causes of bleeding. If it is a medication issue then a healthcare provider may suggest alternative medication. If it is too hard brushing then a softer toothbrush may be recommended.

If the cause of bleeding is vitamin deficiencies then supplements or a trip to a nutritionist may be in order. For every cause a separate treatment option may be in order. Sometimes all that is needed to resolve bleeding may be improved brushing techniques. Some individuals never floss, and despite good brushing, without flossing, bleeding may result. To keep teeth their healthiest, it is essential to floss.

The teeth are living parts of the body, and have to be flossed to stay healthy. So, it is important to brush and floss between the teeth to keep them healthy and free of plaque. Make sure to brush for a minimum of a full two minutes. Gentle motions are necessary to help prevent harm to the gums and the teeth. Generally dentists recommend a back and forth type motion when brushing. Some individuals find it is helpful to use an electric toothbrush.

This helps to make sure teeth are adequately brushed, and that teeth are brushed for the perfect amount of time. Also, using a timer helps. Flossing is necessary every day. Flossing must also be done gently to help prevent damage to the gums and teeth.

Other tips that may help include:

  • Drinking lots of water during the day to help eliminate plaque.
  • Eating a healthy and well-balanced diet full of nutrients including vitamin C.
  • Not smoking, which can contribute to bad breath.
  • Avoiding hot or cold beverages, which can irritate gums that are already red and swollen.
  • Reducing stress, which can exacerbate health problems that already exist that may contribute to gum problems

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