If you’ve ever spat blood into the sink while brushing your teeth, you could be witnessing the first sign of gum disease. Thankfully, early gum disease or gingivitis can be treated with a few simple changes to your oral hygiene routine.

Gingivitis is a condition that affects the soft tissue of the gums, which makes it not particularly serious. However, when left untreated, gingivitis develops into periodontal disease that serious problems can occur. Periodontal disease is where harmful bacteria have moved into the spaces between the teeth and the gums. Eventually, tiny pockets appear and the bacteria advances further into the bony structure that holds the tooth in place. If this condition is left untreated, you can lose the affected teeth.

How can gum disease be reversed?

Gingivitis can be treated at home without any special medication. Just follow these steps –

  • Floss between your teeth

  • Use a good quality mouthwash

  • Brush your teeth gently (you don’t want to irritate the gums any further)

  • Rinse with water

If you follow the above steps carefully, twice a day, you will soon see changes. Your gums will stop bleeding and any redness and soreness will disappear.

Periodontal disease

Periodontal disease can be reversed too but it will need an expert’s touch.

If you find your gums are still bleeding or painful, you will need to visit your dentist because periodontal disease can only be treated professionally. Your dentist will discuss possible treatments with you.

It’s likely that a treatment called scaling will be the first stage in a series of potential treatments. This involves scraping away plaque and smoothing the surface of the tooth to discourage more plaque forming. Scaling and root planing (SRP) is a straightforward procedure and doesn’t involve any surgery.

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