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  What is the Carlson Biological Bridge?

A combination or advanced dental technology and artistry, which allows us to craft your bridge in one visit!


Patient Handout



How does CBD differ from ordinary dentistry?
What kind of services and products do you provide? Does the condition of the teeth somehow relate to the overall health of our body?
What is a human tooth? What is tooth decay?
What is a root canal? What is a dental implant?
What is a crown or cap? What are my alternatives?
What is the Carlson Biologic BridgeTM? How long will the CBBTM last?
If I grind my teeth, will this method work? Is there anything, like metal or plastic, in the composite material, which could cause an allergic reaction?
Does the “blue-green thing” (Carlson Stent) stay in my mouth after the bridge is completed? Is the bridge easy to maintain and clean?
What age groups will benefit from this approach? Will the bridge discolor with time and use?
Why is this method, the CBBTM more bio-compatible than conventional metal bridges? How many appointments are necessary to complete the Carlson Biologic Bridge?
Can my tooth be replaced immediately after extraction? Can the CBBTM be damaged and if so, what should I do?

1) What is Carlson Bio-logical Dentistry?

It is a statement of our commitment to the well being of patients and dental professionals through creative dental alternatives and innovations of first-rate and impeccable quality, which are in harmony with the body’s biological needs.

First and foremost, Carlson Bio-Logical Dentistry (CBD) is a return to the true origins of health, the Principles of Health, set forth by the Great Parent God. Our affirmative stand at CBD is “first, do good for others.” This encompasses and fully embraces the positive intent of the Hippocratic Oath, “first, do no harm.” This covenant considers further that 1) “if it isn’t broken, don’t fix it,” but 2) “first, be sure it isn’t broken,” 3) bio-compatible methods and materials are used, and
4) Creative and time-tested technologies are applied. In summary, CBD puts your health and well being above all!

2) How does CBD differ from ordinary dentistry?

Using energetic principles of health, constructive methods are applied for the assessment, treatment, repair, and maintenance of teeth, gums, bone and associated support structures.

We may not have realized it, but the most conventional approaches in dentistry and medicine for the past century have been functionally materialistic and mechanical. While this has been workable in the past, it is obsolete in this day and age as we begin to prioritize a return to health, longevity, energy, and vitality.

Scientific researchers are rapidly making connections in the two-way-street of “oral-systemic relationships,” and the interconnectedness of our entire body is being measured, verified and taken into consideration in medicine and other disciplines. While dentistry may seek to use these principles of health, business practices of commercialization, consumer demands, and misinterpreted understanding have pressured the profession to adapt less healthy alternatives. On the other hand, CBD delivers!

CBD takes into account the neural-muscular-skeletal system of the head and neck, which is integrally and interwovenly related to the feet upon which one stands and to the whole body. Carlson Bio-Logical Dentistry rethinks traditional approaches and applies true principles of health and wealth, doing more with less, or “more with lessing.” Utilizing the fundamentals of Constructive-Restorative-Procedures, CBD provides an alternative to the ordinary “drill, fill and bill” dentistry which resists innovation. Dentistry has become prescriptive rather than creative, and CBD is changing this attitude.

We choose to operate with full integrity using Bio-Logical Principles and new, innovative technologies. We do not rely on outside profit consultants, nor are we swayed by dental insurers requiring us to operate within their prescribed parameters. We are not “profit centers” at “your expense” and seek to do what is right and good for you, fully committed to that process. Good people doing good for you! This is our foundation, and therefore, the doctor will do what is best for you, in his relationship with you out of concern for your well being.

3) What kind of services and products do you provide; that is, do you advocate amalgam fillings, root canals, implants, orthodontics, periodontal surgery and the like?

CBD advises patients to avoid, as much as possible, the afore mentioned procedures, particularly amalgam fillings, root canals and implants. Mercury-metal-fillings and root canals are not healthy choices. Although implants are a newer option, they should be avoided as well. In certain limited situations, orthodontics (straightening of teeth, bite alignment) or periodontics (gum surgery) may be indicated. However, to support integrity of the tooth and oral cavity, unnecessary treatment and injury to the dentine can be avoided by adapting better hygiene and preventive therapies.

Our research shows that the so-called modern approach of “root canals” is potentially devastating to a patient. Pathology (the study of the way of disease) around the root of the dead tooth exists in at least 93% of the cases, even though the patient may have no pain, swelling, or other indicators of infection. (See Dr. Carlson’s paper “ORAL SEPSIS” at this web site).

This deep, undisclosed bone infection is known as “apical periodontitis.” Whether at the root tip or other areas of the tooth root, it is a chronic infection not discernable due to our limited diagnostic equipment and skills and the subtle, sub-clinical characteristics of the infectious process. ENDOTOXEMIA, blood poisoning from bacteria in the root canal, also known as “root cadaver,” has recently been implicated in heart disease (hardening of the arteries), diabetes, and arthritis. (See “Scientific American,” May 2001; “J. Periodontology,” January 2002; and Yearbook of Dentistry, 2001.)

Although bacterial infection of the blood may be undisclosed, “pro-inflammatory proteins” can be circulating and initiating other disabilities. This oral-systemic linkage, or cause and effect, was well known in the early 1900’s but unfortunately has been overlooked until today. We have begun to revisit the focal theory of infection, which was based upon the common sense analogy and observation that, “a rotten apple spoils the entire barrel.” This applies to rotten teeth as well.

A gangrenous tooth, or “root cadaver,” is a reservoir of corruption that emits bacteria, viruses, fungi, and “pro-inflammatory proteins” (known by the names “putracine,” “cadaverene” and “thio-ethers”) that circulate through our body, accumulating in arteries, joints, ligaments, tendons and other organs, potentially causing arthritis, diabetes, skin conditions, respiratory aliments, kidney dysfunction and the like. Unfortunately, the widely advocated dental implants fall into this same category. According to our histo-pathological studies done at Queen’s Medical Center in Honolulu since 1983, implants and root canals function contrary to the healthy “oral-systemic” link desired, with harmful implications and long-term consequences.

4) Does the condition of the teeth somehow relate to the overall health of our body?

Common sense tells us “YES.” The macro-cosmos is reflected in the micro-cosmos. Many symptoms of systemic so-called “diseases” manifest in the mouth. Oral infections can complicate systemic conditions and visa versa. (See Dr. Weston Price’s work at these web sites: <http://www.oz.net/~csrh/crsh3.htm> or www.westonaprice.org. Read Dr. Carlson’s paper on “Oral Sepsis” located at this web site.)

5) What is a human tooth?

A tooth, bonelike in composition, is a specialized skin appendage consisting of calcium, other minerals, and protein polymers, with the function of supporting the oral cavity and human survival. Being rich in crystalline silica, teeth work like crystals or tuning forks to receive impulses from the internal and external environments.

A tooth is a sensory cutting or crushing tool given by our Great Parent God in our design as human beings. Teeth are used in speech, eating, building, and sensing the materials of the physical world. (Please avoid opening bottles and cutting thread, fish line or other with one’s teeth!) The tongue has the most perceptive sensory skin in our body and can distinguish two pinpoints less than a millimeter apart. Teeth and tongue work together in harmony, sensing the taste, texture, form, and heat/cold conditions of objects.

Children learn much about their physical environment by placing objects in their mouth. This method of research-exploration aids greatly in intellectual development. The information gained from eye, ear, tooth, tongue and hand exploration is critical in early childhood development. A majority of certain brain areas are connected with the oral-facial complex, more so than any other single limb or part of the body. Therefore, as much as biologically possible, we must preserve our God-given health by retaining our teeth, as long as they are not decayed, diseased, or damaged.

6) What is tooth decay?

Essentially, experts don’t know.

Fundamentally, tooth decay and bone decay are the same process occurring at different sites. Theories abound regarding the cause of decay. Experts may tell you how they “think” it happens but actually cannot identify the cause. CBD does not adhere to any of the theories being promulgated, for they all seem to presage a new vaccine, anti-biotic, or chemical treatment to stop decay. The answer to dental decay is not a chemical element such as fluorine, a vaccine, or antibiotics. These solutions may be contrary to good health because there are disadvantages to their use over a longer period of time.

Caries of the teeth, as in caries of the bone (periodontal disease), is no more than a “sweating out” of poisons, chemicals, or metabolites from inside our physical body. This is the principle of cleansing or purification, ejecting or scraping off of internal pollutants.
A skin rash on your face, neck, arm, or abdomen is a normal cleaning process designed for your health by the Creator. For example, if one gets something in your eye, what happens? Immediately, the eye begins to water (washing out) and the lids blink (scraping off). This will continue until the object is cleared. Swallow something down your windpipe, and what happens? You begin to cough until the object is ejected. The same with eating tainted food: poison in, poison out, by vomiting or diarrhea. If one looks, one will see this principle in action in all matters of bodily functions.

As noted previously, teeth and gums are skin in another form and place. And so, decay in this context, is simply a “rash,” a release, or leaking out of toxins. To further demonstrate this fact of Life, recent reports from dental researchers showed that tooth decay was not necessarily a local phenomenon. That is, the “bacterio-acidogenic” theory of plaque action causing decay of teeth was discredited. Rats given sugar (a poison) directly into the stomach, by circumventing the teeth, avoiding any contact with the teeth, developed caries. (Please read the paper by Dr. Carlson titled “The Electromagnetic Body” at this web site.)

7) What is a root canal?

This term refers to a common dental procedure in which the tooth area is treated to preserve the tooth structure rather than pulling it.

Within each tooth is a hollow space containing tissue that is similar to what one would find under natural healthy skin of the arm or other areas of the body. This tissue is called the dermis, the skin known as the epidermis. The tooth’s hollow space is called the “pulp chamber,” containing dermis-like tissue. The extension of this chamber into the roots is known as the “root canal.”

Unlike the tissue under the skin of the arm with its vast abundance of blood and nerve supply, the constriction of the roots of the tooth prohibit an abundant and easily reparable blood and nerve supply to the inside of the dental organ. Each tooth has its own nerve and blood supply and thus is considered an individual organ. The microscopic openings into the roots of the tooth decrease the ability of the tooth to recover from injury due to the paucity of reparative tissue.

So, when a tooth is impacted with a hard object, such as a water fountain or handle bars of a bicycle, the tooth is separated slightly from its bone attachment and must reorganize the blood and nerve supply in order to recover. This recovery may not occur, for the severed blood supply may lead to the “pulp death” of the dental organ.

The death of tissue due to loss of blood supply within a tooth is known as “gangrenous pulpitis.” If one had gangrene on the tip of the fingers due to frostbite, a surgeon would amputate the fingertips to preclude systemic blood poisoning. But dentists are taught to “save the tooth” and hang on to the “housing,” the hard structure of the tooth, even though its contents are corrupt and necrotic. To save the tooth at all costs has become our mandate. We at CBD totally disagree with this obsolete teaching, for it goes against the principle of health and bodily hygiene.

Thus, in a traumatized tooth, nerves and blood vessels are constrained in their ability to readily flow and heal the damaged tissue. The tooth is, in a sense, much like a condenser, or a mini filter, very slow in its ability to respond to trauma or the accumulation of systemic toxins. If the condensation of toxins or metabolites inside the tooth is greater than its capacity to carry them away from the pulp chamber, the tooth will die, or “sweat the poisons out” through the dentine and enamel.

The blemishes occurring on the surface of the tooth, termed “dental decay” by the dental surgeon, is simply a “rash” or opening from the inside to the outside of the tooth for the purposes of purification. This makes sense to those who have studied the relationship of the dental organs, “odontons,” and organ systems as delineated by Dr. Rheinhold Voll, the father of Bioenergetic Medicine. (See the essay by Dr. Carlson, “The Electromagnetic Body” at this web site.)

The normal bodily response to dead tissue, waste material in or on the human body, is to send in bacteria to dispose of it. After the bacteria arrive, not as the cause of decay but as a result, the white blood cells of our immune system arrive. Both systems are there to keep things clean, to remove corruption from the tissues. As with a city dump, rats congregate and proliferate as a result of waste. The rats didn’t create the waste, the dumpsite did, and the rats, like the bacteria, are responding to the debris.

Given this understanding, we may realize that from external trauma or internal trauma, the emission of toxins or metabolites from within the body through the dental organ (tooth) will cause irreversible damage to the tooth, necessitating its removal. In time, a dead tooth will be dissolved by the body’s natural clean up processes and “pushed out” of its bone attachment. This is what is known as “periapical pathology,” a naturally occurring response to decaying matter, the tooth.

“Modern endodontics” (root canal therapy) attempts to save the once living “housing” of the dental organ. This dead “housing,” or “dead tooth,” is a perfect nesting site for toxins and living entities such as bacteria, fungus, viruses, and molds since it is hollow and filled with billions of tubules. The remnant dead tooth cannot be sterilized in situ, and thus acts as a foci of systemic infection for “endotoxemia.”

The latter condition is the circulation of poisons through our body due to periodontitis, more specifically in root canals as “apical periodontitis.” (In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s Dr. Tilden, M.D. wrote extensively about Toxemia, what we now identify, one hundred years later, as “Endotoxemia.” His books are available from the Natural Hygiene Society.)

So, the upside of modern endodontics is that the patient keeps his dying or dead tooth, the endodontist keeps the money, and in a few years the patient develops systemic conditions, which the physician cannot resolve, and the source of the problem remains elusive. The dentist has unknowingly created a site for “auto-infection” that is clearly related to blood vascular problems, diabetes, and arthritis, to name a few disabilities. Systemically, by allowing a “root cadaver procedure” to be done, the patient may develop a sub-clinical (not readily observable) systemic septic condition.

What the dentist accomplishes in a root canal procedure (endodontic procedure) is the removal, at best, of dead soft debris from the hollow space of the dental organ. It takes one or multiple appointments to do this. Each time the dentist will “medicate” the pulp chamber and canals with highly toxic chemicals such as sodium hypochlorite (bleach) or phenols in an attempt to kill the vermin within. But, this is akin to pouring perfume on a dead body!

As the doctor carries out this procedure, he will often prescribe antibiotics to abate pain, bleeding, swelling, fever, etc. This verifies what CBD has asserted for years, that the dead tooth has “apical periodontitis,” and it is only a matter of months or years before the tooth manifests systemic or local disabilities, or both. These matters are not to be taken lightly and are contrary to a biological approach. At CBD, we say, “If it’s dead, it should be out of your head!”

8) What is a dental implant?

A dental implant consists of a metal or ceramic screw, which is imbedded, in the jawbone, where a tooth is missing.

Actually, anything foreign to the body, not available naturally in the original body as created by God, is an implant. A wooden sliver, metal shrapnel, a misplaced tack, or other object is technically an implant when inserted under the skin surface. The former are implants for sure, but the generally accepted concept of implants is something which is placed by design into a human body for a specific purpose.

Tooth implants may work for a period of time, but our research indicates the ill advisability of this new and generally unacceptable approach. Less than 6% of all dentists do this procedure, while it is reported that 80% of dentists suggest implants as a method of tooth replacement.

CBD has found that implants, like “root cadavers,” are foreign objects sooner or later rejected by a healthy human body. In all cases where implants were extracted, Hawaii Pathologists Laboratory reports indicated that the bone tissue next to the implant was composed of “dead bone,” “partially devitalized bone,” along with chronic and acute inflammation, fibrosis, granulomas, cysts, or abscesses.

Unfortunately, implants don’t work! Our advice is “Don’t do it.” When the implants are surgically removed after swelling and infection set in, due to the body’s rejection of this foreign object, destruction of the jawbone is morbidly irreversible.

9) What is a crown or cap?

The purpose of a “cap” or “crown” is to restore a badly broken down or decayed tooth, with most or all of the enamel or dentine missing, returning it as much as possible to its normal form and function.
Crowns were developed when there was insufficient tooth structure remaining, and the dentist was unable to hang an amalgam filling inside the tooth. The solution was to wrap the tooth in gold. Prior to circa 1907 caps were pre-made “shell crowns.” Any metal could be used, but gold, due to its workability, was the metal of choice.

In 1907 Dr. Taggart presented a method of crown construction outside the mouth, in an “indirect manner,” that is still in use today. It is an accurate method but requires the wholesale removal of the outer covering and cuts deep within the dentine. When gold was used in the profession, conservative cutting of the tooth was taught and adhered to, but today, the tooth is generally rendered to a stub or peg. (See Dr. Carlson’s paper and photos on “Dental Artistry” and “Oral Sepsis” at this website.)

When mercury (toxic) silver amalgam fillings are used, much of the tooth has to be reduced to hold the filling. It is the same with gold crowns, porcelain crowns, other modern crowns such as Targis Crowns, Ceramco Crowns, or other laboratory fabricated crowns, which are made after an impression is take of the tooth to be capped or crowned. When all the enamel is removed, the tooth is very prone to death due to loss of blood supply by operator-induced trauma. Death of tissue (tooth) due to loss of blood supply is gangrene.

In contrast, the new composites can be built around the tooth and smoothly adhere to the enamel and dentine by micro-mechanical and chemical bonding, thereby requiring minimal tooth reduction. A more Biological (Life Logic) approach would be to restore the tooth with a Restorative-Composite-Crown (RCC), created directly in the mouth. By so doing, one avoids radical cutting (reduction of the dental organ, the “enamel peel”) of the tooth. (See photos in Dr. Carlson’s essay “Dental Artistry.”)

10) What are my alternatives if I decide to adopt a Bio-Logical way, one, which avoids root canals, implants or traditional bridgework that by necessity require the enamel peel?

There’s a saying, “Simplify your life.” Take this opportunity to explore our photo series and captions. They will give you an idea of a method that you can try or your dentist can learn and adopt. The Carlson Biologic Bridge is a possibility, which may prove to be successful and highly satisfying.

11) What is the Carlson Biologic BridgeTM?

It is demonstrated in the photo-essays by Dr. Carlson titled “Dental Artistry” and “Oral Sepsis,” and the pages describing the patent are available at this web site too. Fundamentally, the Carlson BridgeTM (CBB) and the Biologic BridgeTM (CBB) are innovative methods based upon 23 years of composite use, and13 years of research and development of direct placement bridgework as an alternative to traditional or orthodox fixed bridgework that requires tooth cutting.

CBBTM offers: 1) no fiber or metal materials for strength; 2) one appointment; 3) no cutting of the teeth if teeth are without previous defects (fillings or crowns); 4) no anesthesia if the teeth are without defects; 5) tooth replacement immediately upon extraction (here anesthesia is recommended); 6) no laboratory procedures or costs; 7) direct patient input regarding shade, shape, and contour; 8) costs lower by 1/3 to 1/2 of traditional bridgework; and, 9) possibility to modify anytime in the future. If the bridge for some reason should crack or chip, which is rare, it may be repaired quickly and directly in one’s mouth.

Dr. Carlson’s proprietary composite application and methodology ensures beauty, strength, durability, long-life, and ease of bridge insertion. Dr. Carlson offers a three-day training in Honolulu for dentists and staff open to biological principle application in dentistry. He welcomes all inquiries from patients and doctors. (See brochures at this web site.)

12) How long will the CBBTM last, compared traditional fixed or removable bridgework?

The bridge will last indefinitely, with proper care and maintenance.
With over 200 Carlson Biologic BridgesTM in use since 1989, we have found that a patient may expect the same or greater life span as traditional fixed bridgework, either fixed or removable. Dental insurers have calculated, through their actuarial tables (statistical risks and life expectancies), that dental bridges (tooth replacements either fixed or removable) last on the average 3 to 5 years.

Dental insurance will pay for a new bridge five years out from the date of construction and insertion. This is, we believe here at CBD, the most accurate assessment of the average life of a fixed or removable bridge, for at this five-year cut-off point, the insurance industry is protected from loss of profit. In about 5 years, 50% of the dental bridges succumb to the trials and tribulations of one’s chewing, grinding and eating habits. The other 50% may last decades.

13) If I grind my teeth, will this method work?

Yes, generally, but grinding is an activity that is very detrimental to one’s teeth, as far as wear is concerned. It should be understood that this factor may alter the longevity of the bridge and would be best addressed in consultation prior to bridge insertion.

Grinding may be a result of jaw misalignment, psychological stress, or internal stress from poisons and electrical currents generated by mercury fillings or mixed metals used in dental procedures.

14) Is there anything, like metal or plastic, in the composite material, which could cause an allergic reaction?

To our knowledge, no, not like the concentration of alloys in a full metal bridge or a porcelain-fused-to-metal bridge. In full concentration, alloys have galvanic effect and resulting corrosion products. The composite material is a non-metal, a plastic polymer, but does have aluminum silicates dispersed within the composition. The aluminum, in the form of aluminosilicates, does not corrode and the material has no detectable direct current. The alumina is at the trace element level and does not pose a problem for human use, as far as we have been able to determine.

The CBBTM has no metal or any other structural components included in the bridge. The unique lamination process, using proprietary composite materials selected and applied according to meticulous procedural guidelines, limits allergic reactions. Our composite research, begun 23 years ago in 1980, has shown no allergic reactions to this date.

15) Does the “blue-green thing” (Carlson Stent) stay in my mouth
after the bridge is completed?

No! The “blue-green thing” seen in our photos is an innovation not used in any other method of bridge fabrication? It is used only during bridge construction and uniquely forms the underside of the CBBTM. After construction, it is removed effortlessly. This “blue-green thing” is the Carlson Stent, part of the patented process.

16) Is the bridge easy to maintain and clean?

Yes! You may brush and floss in the usual manner. Any toothpaste will work fine, but we strongly suggest un-fluoridated brands.
Once a day it is advisable to thread dental floss below the false tooth of the CBBTM and clean the underside of the bridge and the support teeth on either side. (See “Patient Handout” sheet for the CBBTM on this web site.)

Actually, sea salt or baking soda in combination with sea salt is the best dentifrice known to man. Hawaiian salt is wonderful! Also, sea salt dissolved in warm water provides a gentler, healthier option than commercial mouthwashes, which may contain harmful chemicals, fluorine, alcohol, and dyes.

17) What age groups will benefit from this approach?

All ages may benefit from this non-invasive, innovative alternative. From the youngster who has lost a front tooth due to a fall, to the fellow who has for years endured the spaces left in the front of his mouth due to congenitally missing teeth, to the senior who has lost teeth due to normal wear and tear, all may benefit. Our methodology is simple, clean, and effective, an idea whose time has come.

18) Will the bridge discolor with time and use?

No, it will not. Coffee, tea, nicotine, and alcohol use will not affect the composite. However, surface stains from these beverages or certain foods may occur. Proper brushing or professional dental cleaning easily removes stains. What works well in maintaining a bright and highly polished appearance is to buff the surfaces with cotton tip applicator dipped in a slur of baking soda and sea salt. Following our guidelines for daily hygiene, you can be ensured of a healthy condition of gums and teeth, minimization of offensive odors, and a dazzling smile.

19) Why is this method, the CBBTM more bio-compatible than conventional metal bridges?

Conventional metal bridges contain concentrations of metals that may generate sufficient micro-currents and voltages of direct current, causing imbalances for the entire Bio-Electro-Magnetic-Field that is the pattern beyond the physical human body. (See Dr. Carlson’s essay on the “The Electromagnetic Body” at this web site.) These subtle currents can be a source of disturbance for sensitive individuals. Small electrical currents may cause localized facial neuritis, neuralgia, and, more broadly, may generate subclinical disturbances in distal tissue systems, organs such as heart, liver, brain, spleen, pancreas, bowel, stomach, as well as the musculo-skeletal system.

These micro-currents act as “triggers,” throwing the body out of balance. Metal containing bridges may have nickel, beryllium, copper, palladium, chromium, or other trace metals that electrolyze (corrode) and are absorbed into the body, causing allergic reactions such as gastritis, respiratory dysfunctions, arthritis, or other conditions. The CBBTM is non-metallic, cannot corrode, does not require severely invasive tooth reduction (often none at all!), can be done without chemical injections, and provides optimal bio-compatibility.

Composite materials used in our method are closest to that of the tooth structure’s chemical composition. These materials do not electrically disturb the energy channels of the body, also called the subtle “meridians” delineated in the ancient art and science of acupuncture and Oriental medicine.

20) How many appointments are necessary to complete the Carlson Biologic Bridge?

To build the actual bridge, only one appointment ranging from two to three hours is needed. A preliminary consultation and follow up appointments are advised to address any patient concerns, hygiene instructions, or minor corrections. Patients from out of state can schedule a short vacation in connection with their dental visit!

21) Can my tooth be replaced immediately after extraction?

Yes! The CARLSON BIOLOGIC BRIDGETM patented method is the only procedure that allows one to replace a tooth immediately after its removal. (See photos in Dr. Carlson’s essay on “Oral Sepsis.”) This is unheard of in conventional dentistry. Also, the nature of the procedure and materials affords the dentist the latitude of modifying the bridge at any time in the future.

22) Can the CBBTM be damaged and if so, what should I do?

The individual’s chewing habits, tooth grinding, and maintenance could be sufficiently damaging so that the bridge breaks. The same could happen with conventional bridgework. Some patients have been known to snap metal bridges. Fractures, cracks, or separation from support teeth are easily repaired. Any dentist can learn this simple procedure or be instructed in bridge repair via electronic media.

Basically, the damaged area is cleaned, chemically treated, and new materials applied according to Dr. Carlson’s procedures. All patients are advised to be aware of and modify chewing habits before bridge construction. (See handout on care and maintenance)